Tag Archives: History

Ireland Bound? Here is a guide to your trip…

7 Oct

Many of you who read this Heritage blog may at some time desire to go to Ireland. Therefore, to make your trip easier, cheaper and more productive I have put together a little guide for you.

How To Get There

The best way to get to Ireland in this day and age is via Airplane. I recommend flying into the Dublin Airport. However, check fares to Cork as well. They can be cheaper at times. However, before you buy those tickets you will want to make sure your rental car company of choice services the Cork airport.

As always, before purchasing an airline ticket, remember to double check travel dates and weigh the cost savings between various tickets with layover times, baggage fees and airplane seat selections. Note that on most international flights the 1st checked bag is free.

One could also get there by boat. There are freighters that offer very cheap rates and basic cabin accommodations. I do not recommended this option due to the time it takes and the harsh travel conditions.

Rental Cars

There are numerous ways to get around in Ireland, hired car (includes a driver), bus, and rental car. The best option for most is via rental car. Renting a car in Ireland requires some planning and precautions.

The first thing you should do right now is pull your drivers license out and look at it to make sure it is not expired. Though this has not happened to me, it has happened to a many an Ireland bound tourist. Without a valid license they will not rent you a car.

When renting a car in Ireland you will want to rent it with a Credit Card that will cover the insurance in Ireland (A Master Card World Elite will cover Ireland rental insurance). Most standard credit cards do not. So many rental car companies will require a letter from your Credit Card company stating that it does cover insurance on rental cars in Ireland ( for example Thrifty does require a letter but Budget does not). So come prepared with this letter. You may also check to see if your regular car insurance covers Ireland and if they have a cheap one time fee for offering such insurance to you.  Also be prepared for your card to be declined the first time around – have the number to call to talk to your card’s authorization department handy so they can authorize the transaction.

You may still elect to pay the insurance that the rental car company offers. There are reasons to do this: if you have the money to spare, and do not want the worry and hassle of actually working with the credit card company and getting the insurance claim filed. Also note if you decline insurance the rental agency may place a hold of $2000 to $5000 on top of the rental costs on your credit card, released back to you after the car is returned whole. If there is damage they will use this hold to pay for any damages and may charge the card for the total cost of the damages up to the cost of the car. It is then your job to work with the credit card company to issue an insurance claim and get your money/credit back.

If you do get an an accident – report it to your card services or insurance right away. Do not wait, as there is a time limit for reporting in order for them to cover the costs.

Before you roll out of the parking lot be sure to carefully review any damage on your vehicle before you take it with the damage noted on the contract (yes, most cars are already damaged). Take pictures of your car as well and email them to yourself so they can be dated.

You will still need to pay Tolls. Be sure to get some Euro before you leave the Airport to do so. The M50 toll road in Dublin is an electronic toll and you will need to be sure that the rental agency provides you a way, and the instructions, to pay this toll as well.

I recommend you get a manual car. Automatic rental cars in Ireland tend to be damaged an under powered [as of 2018 this may not be true anymore]. You will want the manual flexibility as well for the different driving conditions and to help out on some of the steep inclines on the mountain roads you may find yourself on.  However, if you do not know how to drive a manual, Ireland is not the place to learn – get an automatic.

Most cars run on diesel – be sure to put diesel in the car when you fill up. If you accidentally put a few liters of gasoline in it, it should be fine, as long as it was just a few. Just fill the rest of the tank up with diesel and all will be good.

Do not be ashamed to have somebody from the car company show you the various controls for the car.  European cars have different ways of doing things and various features that may be confusing at first. It is best not to discover these things by accident.

One last, and very important, item. Make sure you have GPS. Go ahead and rent a GPS with the car if you do not have a phone with GPS maps.  They are worth their weight in gold.  I will have more to say on this item later though.

Driving Your Rental Car

Remember – in Ireland they drive on the LEFT.

When driving on the left – THINK about where you need to go before going there – specifically your right turns will cross the other lane. Ireland also has some very narrow roads. This requires that you be prepared to cooperate with other drivers that may be coming directly at you…and remember, that you should swerve (turn slightly) to your LEFT and not over correct. Drive slower than the posted speeds until you are comfortable with this unless you want to die.  Native Irish drivers will notice you are a tourist and will be understanding – kind of.

Roundabouts. Ireland has a lot of them. Sometimes they put a roundabout in a road just to do so. Read up on them and understand how they work before you find yourself in one. As a matter of fact it is a good idea to read up on all Ireland’s traffic/driving laws and regulations before you go there.

And one last time – Drive on the LEFT.

Parking Your Car

Parking in Ireland is free during certain hours, pay attention to the signs. During the paid period you may need to “Pay and Display” You can buy such “Pay and Display” tokens in certain shops, most notably the “Centras”.  Also many Parking areas have “Pay and Display” meters – some only take Credit cards and some only Euro. Many car parks provide a ticket that you pay and validate later when you are leaving – do not lose this ticket or you will pay an all day parking price for the mistake.

Also – if you are rusty on your parallel parking – get some practice in before going to Ireland.

GPS and Maps

As I mentioned before you will want to rent a GPS with your rental car if you do not have one. Be sure it has updated maps (ask them when the last update was). You will also want to bring a good map of Ireland, a good map of any cities you want to be in, and detailed maps of the areas and sites you want to visit. And I mean PAPER maps. GPS directions should be verified with your paper maps and your paper maps will be a valuable back up in the event that you can not get your GPS to work, and/or you can not get Internet access.

All this said, I have found in recent years that Google Maps is the best when it comes to getting around in Ireland; so a smart phone with a good International Data Plan is all you will need here; make sure though that you update you Google Maps App before you get to Ireland.

Credit Cards

You will want to bring a Visa, MasterCard, American Express if you have them and your bank’s debit card.  The primary card you will want to use is the one with the lowest Foreign Transaction Fee (FTF). Some cards have no transaction fee, and if you can, I would recommend getting a card without one if you can get one without paying a yearly fee for it. A Foreign Transaction Fee is a fee that the credit card issuer charges you for making a foreign purchase (anywhere from 1% to 3%).

Notify your card companies that your are traveling to Ireland before you go so they do not shut it off for fear of fraudulent use.

Sometimes, you will want to use a credit card and it will be declined. This is most likely due to the fact that your card does not support “Chip and Pin” which all European cards support.  In places like this – you will need to use cash.  Recently most U.S. credit card issuers have chips in them so this is less of a problem. However some places, like unattended gas stations, will not use credit cards at all and will require a chip enabled Debit card. So make sure you have one of those too.

Euro vs U.S. Dollar on Credit Card Purchases and ATM Withdrawals

Many establishments, and even Bank ATMS, will offer to convert your Euro to Dollars. Never accept this conversion to dollars.  This is a common, and legal, scam. Always request, and choose, to be charged in Euro (local currency). This “courtesy” conversion is offered usually at some percentage rate (about 3%) – this will be on top of your FTF fee. For example if your FTF rate is 3%, a $100 purchase will not cost you $103, but $106.

If you have an establishment that will not offer you the option to pay in Euro, then pay in cash. Don’t be mean to the person making the transaction for you – they usually do not understand what is going on with the FTF and “courtesy conversion”.  The easiest thing I have found to avoid any confusion is to request, before the purchase occurs, to be charged in Euro.


The best place to get Cash is from an ATM. They offer the best Exchange rate and will usually be cheaper than using your Credit Card (unless you have have a credit card with no FTF).  Your bank will most likely charge you for an ATM withdrawal, but it will be a fixed amount (usually just $1) and not a percentage.

Because of this – it may be best to withdraw a bunch of cash and pay cash for most things.  You will need it anyway; as you will find many places in Ireland that you will want to go any many things you will want to do only accept cash.

VAT (Value Added Tax)

You don’t have to pay it. So whenever you make a purchase ask for a VAT receipt. You can get a VAT refund later when you are in the Airport or back in the states. Some items and services do not have a VAT tax assessed. It is too hard to remember which ones – so always ask for one (a VAT receipt).

Places to Stay

For the money, B&Bs (Bed and Breakfasts) are the best option. It is like staying in somebody’s home and getting a breakfast included. Hotels can not hold a candle to the services offered or value.

I recommend getting an Ireland B&B book and using that to set up your itinerary; just note that many good B&Bs will not be in the official book listing. No need to pre-book days or weeks ahead if you are traveling during the right time of year. Just make your booking the same day or show up and ask. This offers you the most flexibility in your Ireland travels. However, if you do book a B&B and can not show up, have the courtesy to call and cancel.

B&Bs are pretty much everywhere in the places you will want to go in Ireland.

Be careful to not plan your trip to be in Dublin the same time as the Hurling Championships, marathons, college breaks, etc. You will not find a place to sleep those nights.


If you plan on bringing a cell phone to Ireland make sure it is Internationally capable and that you set up an International calling plan for the time period you will be in Ireland.  Your other option is to use payphones, which can be hard to find, or rent a cell phone (which is also pretty easy and probably cheaper than what your cell phone company would offer but also not as convenient).  These days I opt to pay for an International Data plan on my phone.  Be sure to turn off any and all unnecessary apps using data though so your data does not get used up unnecessarily.

Internet Access

See above if you expect your smartphone to have Internet access. Otherwise, almost every Hotel, Pub and coffee shop has free WIFI. Just ask them for the password.  Most B&Bs will also have free WIFI. Just be sure to verify that with them if this is important to you.


Unlike most of socialist Europe, which claims to provide basic human care “for free” — but won’t let you use the bathroom without paying, you don’t have to pay to use most bathrooms in Ireland. Pubs will generally allow you to use their bathroom and of course there are plenty of green shrubs and trees in case you have to go on the side of the road.

Leaving Ireland

When you leave Ireland for the U.S., you will go through customs in Ireland if you fly out of the Dublin Airport.  This experience can be summed up as nothing less than hell itself. American bureaucracy is the best in the world (that is not a compliment) and it has produced such a maddening system as to take all the joy from your life for the time you are subjected to it. So this is what you can expect:

You should arrive 3 hours before your plan departs; there are times when you will need all of this three hours depending on how many people are there.  You will need to check your bags immediately and then you will need to go to customs right away. To get there you will pass through two security checkpoints and several people asking for your boarding passes and passports.

The first checkpoint you will need to remove your shoes but not your small electronic devices from your bags. After that you can go into a shopping area full of things to buy and eat, but you can only briefly look at them because you need to keep moving.

Then you will come to the second checkpoint where you have to take out all of your electronic devices but you can keep your shoes on. Then you will come to a machine takes your smiling picture and scans your passport and gives you a receipt. After that you will wait in a line for customs. This wait can be long and tiresome and you will have no access to food, water or bathrooms so take care of all of that before you get to the customs line. The customs officer will ask some strange questions and may not even look at you all the while typing things on the keyboard; he will do this while mumbling to himself philosophical questions (yes, they too wonder what the madness is all about and how they managed to get where they are).

Then you will be released into the gate area. This gate area has just a small pittance of places to shop and eat as the area that you were presented with after the first checkpoint.  It is sad and bewildering…but hey, at least you will make your flight.

That is NOT all…..

I will add more to this blog post as I remember or as I learn more so before you go, check here for the latest information.

On Places To See and Things To Do…coming up in a future post…

Why Your Heritage is Important

25 Oct

“Remember the Days of Old, consider the years of many generations: ask your father, and he will show you; your elders, and they will tell you.”

Almost every society that has developed over the past 4,000 years has made an attempt to preserve its history in some form or another. Today we record facts and events in astonishing detail. In times past the Jewish scribes would religiously copy manuscripts letter for letter. The Egyptians constructed large architectural structures in hopes that they would endure. The Irish maintained schools of Bards that would memorize their history. The attempts of these people to preserve and pass down their history, knowledge, and culture to generations of people who had yet to be born was an attempt to preserve and tell an intentional message. It was an attempt to pass on the wisdom and experience of the generations that had gone before them.  This one facet makes the study of history a valuable use of your time.

It will provide you the basis for, and a depth of,  an understanding in the subjects of economics, education, geography, law, psychology, linguistics, political science and foreign policy among others.  It provides the seeds of wisdom that will grow into true wisdom as you study any of the above subjects. This is how history enhances the study of those subjects and thus enhances your own education and life. This is history in general. But what of heritage? What of YOUR heritage?  What is it and why is that important?

Heritage is the history, unique knowledge, values and traditions that have developed by a combination of genes and environment over time. Heritage, whether it be national, cultural, or family is an endowment of unique sets of historical knowledge; but foremost, heritage is your history.   It is responsible for how we came to be, it is a very large part of who and what we are, and it can determine what we will become. As humans, we are free moral agents; because we can determine our future to great degrees, we may delude ourselves into thinking the past has no impact on us. But choices and past events have very profound and long-lasting impacts on any decision we can possibly make; therefore all decisions or choices made now are done so in the context of the past.

So heritage is a conglomeration of genes, decisions and environmental factors that have personally affected us, and continue to affect us, that we had no active part in. Since it is a part of you that you can not disassociate yourself from, since you can not make a decision outside of its context, it is imperative for you to know about, understand, and embrace your heritage.

A Sense of Identity and a Guide Post

A keen sense of your heritage will help you to understand, in part, just who you are. The yearning by many adolescents to “discover who they are”  and their importance or role in this world can be answered in the study of their heritage. Of course adults can also suffer from this crisis in identity and heritage can be just as much of a cure for them.

Albeit true that your heritage does not fully determine WHO you are, it essentially helps to determine your “starting position” in life. It can give you an idea of what you may have the potential to become. Therefore in that way it can help define where you may want to go. In the same vein therefore it can hep you determine what you do with your life, what you may choose as a profession or a hobby. If you have people who are part of your heritage that have done great exploits, you have close examples that you can try to emulate.  If you have people who are part of your heritage that are notorious, you have close examples of what you may try to avoid. If your heritage displays a people of certain admirable characteristics you may more easily adopt them; a people of poor character, you have an idea of where you might start to improve your own personal character.

This sense of identity that you gain from the study of your heritage will help to explain to others who you are, but more so it will help to explain who you are — to yourself. This intimate knowledge of self can lead you down the road of your ancestry’s mistakes or to their great exploits.

Value Your Heritage

The value of a heritage comes from its inheritors – from the Living!

Heritage is an inheritance better than money or property. Unlike money or other property, heritage cannot be stolen or taken from you as long as you are alive. It can only be lost or forgotten by a choice that you make. This would be the choice of neglect and disuse. What value is an instruction manual to a complex machine if it is left in packing material and thrown away – none! But when we read that manual,  encapsulate that knowledge into our mind, and use it – then there is great value.

We have a world today that has destroyed much of its heritage through war or through neglect. Our mobile society and fast pace world, with the immense prosperity we enjoy, has caused us to forget much of our heritage. We have used our time in meaningless pursuits.  We have relegated our family history books, and our nation’s history books, to the corners of our library. We have watered down, or forgotten altogether, our traditions. We have sequestered the older generation to retirement communities and nursing facilities, and as they grow old and die – so does our heritage. Because more often than not, that generation failed to pass it on, while the next fails to retrieve it from them.

Our Gift to Future Generations

If we value our heritage, we will then be able to pass it on to our children with a little bit of ourselves attached to it. What we do now, how we live our lives and the character we build, adds to the heritage we leave to our children. Some of us may not have money or property to give to our children when we die, but we can give a rich heritage to them. We can offer a heritage that will enhance their lives in every good way that we desire for them.